Department of Agriculture
The land upon which the grain plats were located is the usual sandy loam of the farm with a subsoil of clay and it has a slight westward slope. This portion of the farm came in to our possession only the previous fall, but it had been under cultivation for nine years, having produced four crops of wheat, three of oats and two .of corn. Only a small portion of the piece had ever been manured and that but sparingly. The ground was plowed in October to a depth of seven inches and thoroughly pulverized in the spring just before seeding.
small grain, wheat, oats, barley
Dakota Agricultural College and Experiment Station
Foster, L., "Small Grain" (1889). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 11.