Department of Forestry, Horticulture and Botan
Scarcely more than a beginning was been made in forestry operations at this station, but the work is of such importance, and the general interest in all subjects connected with tree growing is so great, that it would seem best to describe the work in detail. In the nature of the case, experiments in practical forestry require for their completion a series of years, so that any observations made before their completion must be suggestive, rather than conclusive. And it is a wise precaution on the part of the reader to note carefully the recorded conditions before coming to a conclusion as to the value of results. In the month of October 1887, a plat of ground containing about three acres, lying north of the college buildings, was planted with tree seeds, the intention being to permit the trees to stand where they grew, and thus secure a windbreak for the buildings and campus. The ground used is at the crest of a slight elevation which slopes to the west for about half a mile, to a small creek. The soil is black with a stiff yellow clay subsoil in which there is a little sand. While not “hard pan” this subsoil is far from being porous in the usually accepted meaning of the word. The same soil is found in all the plantations of this department, and is most common in this part of Dakota.
trees, forest, shelter belts, wind breaks
Dakota Agricultural College and Experiment Station
Keffer, C.A., "Forestry" (1889). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 12.