Wheat rising is considered the foundation of South Dakota's agriculture. If the crop is good and the price fair the farmers feel that all will go well for another year; but if the yield is poor and the price meagre the future outlook is dark. Wheat ranks first in monetary value and first in acreage over any other crop grown in this state. Indian corn has greatly increased in acreage while the area devoted to wheat production is more or less fluctuating. When we consider the amount of new land that is being brought into cultivation in South Dakota it is evident that corn growing has increased more rapidly than that of wheat. The following table indicates the relative acreage and total production of wheat and corn for the last decade. It will be observed from a study of the table that the banner year for acreage and total production was 1901. The average yield for that period was 12.9 bushels per acre, only .8 bushels per acre more than the average for the 10 year period from 1900 to 1909. The highest average yield is noted for 1909, which was 14.1 bushels per acre. It is to be regretted that records do not show more than 12.1 bushels per acre as an average for the last ten years. In all probability the next decade will show a lower return than that recorded for the preceding period if more care is not exercised in the future in wheat growing than has been given in the past. It is the object of this bulletin to report the progress and suggest methods for the culture and management of the wheat crop.
wheat varieties, wheat cultivation, crop investigations
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Willlis, Clifford and Burlison, W.L., "Progress in Wheat Investigations" (1911). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 128.