Department of Botany and Entomology
The true grasses are one of the most valuable families of plants. To them belong the small grains (oats, wheat, barley, etc.,), corn, the various sorts of cane, the great bamboo of Asia, and a host of other plants of more or Jess importance to man or beast. In the great prairie regions of the United States the grasses form by far the greater part of the natural vegetation and constitute one of the most valuable of the natural resources as well. In our own state of South Dakota stock-raising- has been one of the leading industries ever since its settlement, and will continue to be so for years to come. The state, as a whole, is peculiarly well adapted to stock-raising and dairying. One of the most important elements in this fitness is the great richness of the grass flora and of the native species in particular. About one hundred and sixty species of grasses are known to grow within the limits of the state. Of these, about one hundred and five are native to the soil, the remainder being found either under cultivation or introduced some other way. Some of them are weeds, but the majority are more or less useful as forage plants.
grasses, legumes, native grasses, forage
South Dakota Agricultural College and Experiment Station
Williams, T.A. and Shepard, J.H., "Native and Introduced Forage Plants" (1894). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 40.