Department of Economics
South Dakota has long been one of the leading states in the production of alfalfa seed.
South Dakota alfalfa seed, along with that grown in neighboring states, has commanded premium prices in eastern markets because of its winter-hardy characteristics. This "Northern" alfalfa seed, predominantly a non-certified seed, has recently come into competition with certified alfalfa seed grown in such western states as California and Washington. This competition has resulted in a continuing decline in the demand for Northern alfalfa seed in the eastern markets. Accordingly, lower prices have been received by the South Dakota grower for his seed crop.
This marketing problem has prompted research investigations in alfalfa seed production and marketing by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station. This research has dealt with (1) production methods in South Dakota and other areas, (2) marketing methods and problems, and (3) the economics of alfalfa seed production in South Dakota.
alfalfa seed production profitability
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts
Benrud, C. H. and Dahl, D. C., "The Northern Alfalfa Seed Picture: Production" (1959). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 482.