Department of Horticulture
The early settlers in a new state are too busy with breaking the raw prairie, grain-raising, and similar work to pay any attention to the planting of ornamental trees and shrubs. As the land b�comes subdued, and money more plentiful, there comes a desire to plant trees, shrubs and flowers on the home grounds. The inhabitants of the towns and cities begin this work of lawn-making and planting ornamentals earlier because of the smaller extent of the home grounds. "Ornamentals" is a nursery term meaning trees, shrubs and plants intended for decorative purposes. The first attempts at landscape gardening generally result in expensive failures, because varieties are planted entirely unadapted to our prairie climate. Selection is often made at random from some eastern or southern catalog which contains hundreds of choice varieties, most of which are adapted only to milder and moister regions. The past few years have seen a rapid increase in the work of improving the home grounds of this state and many inquiries are received by this station concerning desirable lists of hardy ornamentals. With a view to giving a definite answer to these questions the writer in the fall of 1896 concluded to increase largely the existing collection on the station grounds by importing several hundred shrubs and trees from a nursery in Germany. This has been increased by additions every year since that time, especially by a collection kindly donated in the spring of 18991 by Prof. C. S. Sargent, director of the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University, and by a number secured in Russia by the writer in 1897, under authority from Hon. James Wilson, Secretary of Agriculture.
N. E. Hansen, ornamentals, trees, shrubs, flower garden, evergreens
U. S. Experiment Station of South Dakota, South Dakota Agricultural College
Hansen, N.E., "Ornamentals for South Dakota" (1901). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 72.