Department of Agriculture and Soil Physics
Judging from the many specimens of apples sent in for identification, or submitted at the state fairs and horticultural society meetings, there exists much lack of exact information regarding varieties. Every fruit grower knows the need of some publication containing descriptions of varieties to assist in determining the name of varieties unknown to him the nursery catalogues usually being too brief to serve as aids to identification. During the past eleven years the writer has made an effort to make C:.rawings and descriptions of the apples cultivated in the prairie northwest, especially South Dakota, Minnesota and Iowa. The investigation has been carried on in the orchards of the Experiment Stations, first of Iowa, later of South Dakota; at the state fairs and horticultural society meetings of the three states named; and in many private orchards. It was the original intention to include every variety in cultivation and propagation, and to construct a key to the descriptions so that varieties unknown to the reader could be readily found. With the present facilities this would delay publication too long. Hence part of the more or less complete material which has accumulated is submitted herewith, not as a complete work, but as a preliminary report, and a contribution to the history of Pomology in the prairie northwest. The writer hopes that it will blaze a path through the present jungle of northwestern apple nomenclature, and serve as the basis of more complete reports at some future time.
apples, apple varieties, apple growing
South Dakota Agricultural College, Experiment Station
Hansen, N.E., "A Study of Northwestern Apples" (1902). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 76.