Department of Chemistry
At the close of the season of 1904, I deemed it advisable to make a selection of the most promising of the Durum wheats, for further investigation along the same exhaustive lines laid down in Bulletin 92 of this Station. My reasons were twofold. In the first place, such work would tend to give a more extended basis for judgment, and in the second place, would also give an opportunity to test out the wheats grown at Highmore under absolutely ideal conditions. The season of 1904 at Highmore was practically a perfect one, so far as the growing of Durum wheat was concerned. The rainfall was just sufficient for the perfect maturation of the crop and there was a complete freedom from all diseases incident to the grain fields. The varieties selected were those that had given the best results in the test of the previous year, and included six varieties of the northern and two of the southern Durums. The rust resisting variety, Iumillo, was also included, in _hopes that it might show some improvement over the previous test. But the improvement was so slight that further tests will only serve to emphasize its inferiority. It will not be necessary to repeat here the history of the samples selected, as that is given in detail in Bulletin 92. The names of the varieties will appear in the several tables contained in this Bulletin. The high grade of the Highmore samples will be readily seen in the Milling and Moisture table under the heading Grade. The best varieties gave a grade closely approximating 64 pounds per bushel, or that of Kubanka 5639, which is probably the best variety experimented with.
durum wheat, grain milling
South Dakota Agricultural College Experiment Station
Shepard, J.H., "Macaroni or Durum Wheats: A Continuation of Bulletin 92" (1906). Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletins. 99.