plains barley, barley, barley varieties
Earliness, stiff straw, resistance to stem rust and good yields are some of the desirable characteristics of Plains barley. About 1000 bushels of this variety were released by the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station to the South Dakota County Crop Improvement Association in the Spring of 1948. Tests in different areas of South Dakota show that Plains is well suited to central and western South Dakota where earliness to escape the midsummer heat, drouth and grasshoppers is especially desirable. Laboratory malting tests of Plains barley indicate that malt extract content is usually high, but enzyme activities in the malts are consistently lower than desirable. Diastatic power is generally lower than found in accepted malting varieties. In samples of 1947 crop from South Dakota, Plains barley malts were substantially lower in diastatic power than Odessa malts. Protein modification in the malts of Plains barley is low, indicating characteristics for this factor which are more nearly comparable with feed type barleys than accepted malting barley varieties. Malting quality characteristics mentioned above are based on laboratory malting results, which are reliable for these factors. The final evaluation of malting quality of Plains barley must await plant scale malting and brewing tests. It is believed that Plains will fill an important need for an early barley variety and that farmers of South Dakota will be pleased with its performance.
South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Agricultural Experiment Station
Crafius, J. E., "Plains Barley" (1948). Agricultural Experiment Station Circulars. 71.