Title

Effect of protein supplementation on the rheological characteristics of milk permeates fermented with EPS producing Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris.

Divisions

Research

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2009

Journal

Food Hydrocolloids

Issue

23

Pages

5

Language

en

Abstract

This research studied the effect of addition of whey proteins on the rheological properties of ultrafiltration permeate fermented with the exopolysaccharide (EPS)-producing strain Lactococcus lactis subsp. cremoris JFR1. Milk permeates containing 8% solids and various levels of added whey proteins (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8%) were fermented for 12h at 30^oC. The rheological properties of the fermented samples were then evaluated and compared to controls fermented with a non-EPS producing strain. Scanning electron microscopy was also employed to confirm the existence of interactions between whey protein aggregates and EPS. The presence of EPS considerably increased the viscosity and viscoelastic properties of the media, especially in samples containing >2% whey protein added. The results obtained demonstrate the importance of EPS-protein interactions in structure formation and may help explain the viscosifying mechanism of EPS in fermented dairy products. Production of highly viscous material could potentially be employed in the future as a novel fiber-rich functional ingredient in dairy products.