Off-campus South Dakota State University users: To download campus access theses, please use the following link to log into our proxy server with your South Dakota State University ID and password.

Non-South Dakota State University users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis through interlibrary loan.

Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date

2013

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Health and Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Bonny Specker

Abstract

Background: Childhood obesity and overweight are a global health issue. The prevalence of this health issue is increasing. Consumption of high sugar diet that lack healthy nutrients is considered one the main causes of this problem. Childhood obesity is associated with many health problems. Objective: to investigate the association between sugar intake during the first year of life and the prevalence of obesity and sugar intake at 2 and 3 years of age
Method: The data used were obtained as part of a large randomized prospective trial which examined the influence of the timing of introduction of solid foods on infant growth and body composition. A total of 175 were recruited before 3 months of age, and only infants who were being formula fed were eligible. weight, length, and body composition by DXA were measured at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months of age; three-day diet records were completed at 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, and 36 months of age; and one-day records at 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11 months of age.
Result: The intakes of different types of sugars and total sugar changed with age and differed between the early vs. late introduction of solid groups. The total sugar intake (with lactose) per kg at 12 months was associated with sugar intake (with and without lactose) at 2 (both, P<0.001) and 3 years of age (both, P=0.01), which remained significant after adjusting for total sugar intake at each age, gender and weaning group (P<0.001). Total sugar intake at 12 months of age had an inverse relationship with body fat percentage at 2 and 3 years of age (P=0.02, P=0.04). Total sugar intake without lactose at 12 months of age was related to total sugar intake with and without lactose at 2 years of age (both, P<0.001) and total sugar intake without lactose at 3 years of age (P=0.009).
Conclusion: Early high sugar intake at one year of age was associated with higher sugar intake and lower total body fat percentage, at 2 and 3 years of age.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Infants -- Nutrition
Sugar in the body
Body Mass Index

Description

Includes bibliographical references (pages 32-35)

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

46

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/

Share

COinS