Document Type

Dissertation - Open Access

Award Date

2017

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Health and Nutritional Sciences

First Advisor

Bonny L. Specker

Abstract

There is an urgent need to find effective interventions to prevent and reduce obesity as it is associated with chronic disease and decreased quality of life. Gaining a better understanding of how modifiable variables such as stress, sleep, physical activity, and food insecurity are related to eating behaviors associated with obesity is essential to guide the direction of future interventions and research. Interventions that hold promise need to be tested to determine if they have merit or not. This dissertation presents three papers. Two papers are cross-sectional studies evaluating associations between eating behaviors, obesity, and modifiable variables (stress, sleep, physical activity, and food insecurity). The first paper describes a study completed with college students. This study found that higher emotional eating was associated with higher stress levels and female sex (P2=.12, p=.002): Uncontrolled eating was associated with higher stress when there was good sleep, but not when there was poor sleep. An interaction between age and BMI was significant in a model for cognitive restraint (r2=.18, p

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Nutrition
Health and Environmental Sciences
Eating Behaviors
Food Insecurity
Obesity
Physical Activity
Stress
Yoga

Description

Includes bibliographical references ( pages 94-98)

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

118

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/

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