Up-conversion materials can be used to greatly enhance the productivity of photovoltaic nanotechnologies. These materials must convert photons from a low energy to a higher energy to fit within the acceptable range of the solar panel. Software is needed to compute the value of these energy levels and to find molecules that produce these values. It must first be determined if the software has these capabilities and if the results are trustworthy. Naphthalamide has been a molecule of interest and serves as a good starting point for these studies.
"Theoretical Exploration of Characteristics of Up-conversion Materials in Photovoltaics,"
The Journal of Undergraduate Research: Vol. 5
, Article 11.
Available at: http://openprairie.sdstate.edu/jur/vol5/iss1/11