Title

Evaluation of Five Herbicide Treatments to Control Yellow Toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2014

Departmental Paper Identifier

NRM-115

Abstract

Yellow toadflax {Linaria vulgaris) is an invasive weed of rangelands, forests, and croplands in North America and a common problem for land managers (Wilson et al. 2005). Endemic to central Europe and the Mediterranean region, yellow toadflax was intentionally introduced to North America during the 1800s (Wilson et al. 2005) as an ornamental, a fabric dye, and for ethnobotanical ,use. The species escaped cultivation and has become an opportunistic invader throughout the continental United States, Canada, and parts of Mexico (Jacobs and Sing 2006). Yellow toadflax has been legally designated as a noxious weed in much of western North America (USDA 2013); it thrives in disturbed, open habitats and can easily dominate native or desirable plant communities (Wilson et al. 2005).

Publication Title

Ecological Restoration

Volume

32

Issue

2

First Page

137

Last Page

140

DOI of Published Version

10.3368/er.32.2.137

Publisher

University of Wisconsin Press