It is established that selenium is an essential micronutrient as well as a natural toxicant for domestic livestock. However, reports of selenium toxicosis in swine are limited and not well documented. The level at which selenium becomes toxic to swine is thought to be about 8 ppm. This value was derived from the initial selenium research of the 1930's, with considerable extrapolation from other species used in this determination.
Since that time, diet composition has become much more complex, nutrient level of diets has increased and feed additives are commonly used. It is not known what effect these factors or other nutritional interrelationships may have on the level at which selenium becomes toxic. Due to the variability of selenium content in feedstuffs and because selenium is now approved as a feed additive, it is important to better define the level at which selenium becomes toxic to swine.
This research was conducted to determine the effect of varying dietary selenium levels on tissue and blood composition and performance of growing swine fed seleniferous grains.
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Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University
Goehring, T. B.; Libal, G. W.; Palmer, I. S.; and Palmer, I. S., "Effect of Varying Dietary Selenium Levels on Tissue Composition, Blood Composition and Performance of Growing Swine Fed Seleniferous Grains" (1982). South Dakota Swine Field Day Proceedings and Research Reports, 1982. 3.