Department of Agronomy
The object of the present bulletin is to report the progress of the work which has been done at this Station. According to the records the work in oats began in the year 1899. The seed of nearly all of the varieties, in this bulletin, was furnished by the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States Department of Agriculture, as the Department of Agronomy has been carrying on the work in cooperation with this Bureau. During the present season forty-two (42) varieties of oats were in the test. All varieties grown in 1907 were grown this season. The season has been very unfavorable to the oat crop. The crop has been a partial failure. The varieties varying very much in yield. The smallest yield was one and five-tenths (1.5) bushels per. acre; while the largest yield was sixty-three and seven-tenths (63.7) bushels. All varieties were affected by rust and smut. The rainfall from April 1st till August first was nineteen and sixty-one hundredths (19.61) inches. The soil upon which these variety tests have been conducted is described by Mr. Frank Bennett of the Bureau of Soils to be a compact sandy loam about ten (10) inches deep. The sand varies from medium to fine; occasionally gravel, rounded pebbles, and bowlders [sic] are found on the surface. The bowlders [sic] are largely granite, granitic gneiss etc., while the gravel and pebbles are made up of the same material, with a large quantity of limestone� and "greenstone" and a small quantity of quartzik. Beneath the soil there are about six (6) inches of yellowish loam containing some sand. From sixteen (16) to thirty-six (36) inches below the surface there is generally a yellowish clay containing a high percentage of coarse sand .and gravel. Calcerous nodules in a partially decomposed state, forming white spots in the sub-soil are often found.
oats, oat smut, meteorogical summaries
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Willis, C., "Report of Progress in Variety Tests of Oats" (1908). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 110.