1. Potato production in South Dakota increased 120.8 per cent from 1906 to 1915.
2. Yield and table value must be considered in deciding which variety to grow. Acme and White Harvest, extra early varieties have proved best at Cottonwood. Irish Cobbler and Eureka, medium early, are best at Brookings, Highmore and Eureka. At Brookings the late varieties, Raleigh, Bugless and Late Rose have also given very satisfactory returns. The Irish Cobbler and Early Ohio seem best adapted for general culture throughout the state and the Acme has given best results for early market.
3. Seed Potatoes should be treated and inspected for indications of disease beneath the surface which the treatment cannot reach.
4. Hill selection and tuber selection methods of improving seed have given good results in tests here reported.
5. Rotation crops is essential to success with potatoes.
6. Planting two fair sized seed pieces per hill with hills 42 inches apart each way makes it possible to cultivate both ways and thus keep the potatoes free from weeds at minimum expense. This method is recommended for the consideration of those who plant large fields.
7. Bordeaux mixture containing one pound of Paris green to each 100 gallons of the mixture makes a very effective spray for both vine diseases and insect enemies.
8. Potatoes should be given very frequent shallow cultivation.
9.Great care is necessary in harvesting potatoes to avoid bruising or cutting them. They should be stored in a dry bin where an even temperature just above the freezing point can be maintained.
10. Potato exports necessitate consideration of marketing problems, including cooperation in growing a standard variety.
agronomy, potatoes, potato crops, tubers
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Champlin, Manly and Winright, G., "Potato Culture in South Dakota" (1917). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 176.