Department of Agronomy
Inquiries are being received requesting information in regard to emmer as a war crop for South Dakota, the impression being that this crop would assist in solving the food problem, because of its ability to produce twice as many pounds per acre as spring wheat. This gives an excellent opportunity to correct a number of false impressions in regard to emmer as a crop for South Dakota conditions. Please note the term emmer is used exclusively. The reason for this is that there is practically no speltz being grown in South Dakota. The commonly called speltz is not true speltz, but belongs to an altogether different branch of the wheat genus. This grain that is commonly spoken of as speltz is emmer. Emmer has been grown in South Dakota as a grain crop for at least twenty years. Experiments with this crop have been conducted at the State College experiment farms at Brookings, Cottonwood, Eureka, Highmore and Vivian. Varietal tests begun at Brookings in 1902 and continued until 1908 clearly demonstrated the White Spring, C. I. No. 1524, as the leading variety among those introduced. A selection of this variety called S. D. No. 3 proved slightly superior to the bulk seed in yield, but after distribution, has lost its identity as a separate strain. Most of the emmer grown in ·South Dakota is of this White Spring variety.
emmer, speltz, World War 1 crops, grains, wheat
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Champlin, Manley and Morrison, J.D., "Emmer in South Dakota" (1918). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 179.