Department of Agronomy
Acme wheat, S. D. No. 284 (C. I. No. 5284) was developed by selective breeding at the Highmore experiment farm. Acme is a selection from Kubanka, a tested wheat for South Dakota. Comparative results with Kubanka may be found in South Dakota bulletin 146. This bulletin also quotes the history of Kubanka wheat as follows: "It has medium or short heads that are white with occasionally a slight bluish bloom, and have rather long beards. The grain is large, yellowish white and very hard. The variety is much grown by the Kirghiz and Turghai people on the Siberian border, where it is absolutely impossible to grow ordinary wheats of any kind because of extreme drouth [sic], the rainfall being as low as 10 inches per annum. It is cultivated throughout the entire Volga River region from Kazaii to the Caspian Sea, and eastward into the Kirghiz steppes and Turkestan. It is the most popular bread wheat of the lower Volga region.
acme wheat, wheat breeding, Kubanka Wheat, Volga wheat
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts
Champlin, Manley and McFadden, E., "Acme Wheat" (1921). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 194.