The term speltz is commonly used for both emmer and spelt by farmers and seedsmen in this country. However, according to the Agronomy Department of State College the crop grown in South Dakota and commonly called speltz is in reality emmer. Emmer was probably introduced into this country fourty or fifty years ago by German immigrants from southern Russia who settled in the Dakotas. It is still grown largely in the Northwest. Farmers with whom the author has talked have been enthusiastic in their praises of emmer as a feed for all classes of livestock. It yields about the same as barley according to their observations, and is preferable to barley to handle and feed. The desirability therefore of emmer as a crop to grow for dairy cows depends largely on its feeding value. Accordingly a project was outlined to determine the relative feeding value of emmer, barley and corn. These crops were chosen for comparison as the chemical analysis indicate that emmer has about the same composition as barley and corn and would naturally be used as a substitute for these feeds for the dairy cow.
feeding speltz, feeding emmer, dairy cow nutrition
South Dakota Experiment Station, South Dakota State College of Agriculture and Mechanical Arts
Olson, T.M., "Emmer (Speltz) for Dairy Cows" (1931). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 264.