Department of Chemistry
Of the six varieties of mother beets planted from seed, three varieties were lost after the seed had fully matured. These beets were planted on the station farm and were destroyed by sheep. The remaining three varieties were planted in my own private garden and the seed obtained were sown last spring. The names of these varieties are Dieppe's Klein Wanzlebener, Pajaro Valley, and Simon Legrand's White Improved. As already reported in Bulletin No. 27 of this Station the three mother beets selected of the variety Klein Wanzlebener gave respectively 15. 70, 17.40, and 15.61 percent sugar in the beet after storing in the farm barn cellar until May 11-14. The two Pajaro Valley mother beets selected gave 15.31 and 15.51 percent sugar in the beet under like conditions. The two Simon Legrand mother beets gave 15.11 and 15.61 per cent sugar in the beet under the same conditions. These percentages are here repeated in order that a comparison between the sugar content of the mother beets and that of their offspring can be more conveniently made. Owing to the cold and rainy weather during the spring these beets did not germinate until the last of May although the seed was sown April 29. The ground selected for the trial was chosen from the Horticultural garden and was a dark sandy loam situated rather high and sloping toward-, the east. The rows were 22 inches apart and ran north and south. Before the beets came up a crust was formed over the ground by the hot sun and this crust was broken by means of a garden rake. Nearly a full stand of beets was obtained.
sugar beets, beet crops
South Dakota Agricultural College and Experiment Station
Shepard, J.H., "The Sugar Beet" (1893). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 34.