Department of Chemistry
The artesian waters of South Dakota are used for three distinct purposes. In the first place they are used by cities as the source of water supply. When thus used they are employed for domestic use, for sprinkling lawns and gardens and for fire protection. Closely, akin to these are the township or neighborhood wells where the water is used conjointly by communities for watering stock and for domestic use. In the second place these waters are used for irrigating purposes mainly and for domestic use incidentally. In such cases the well may be owned by an individual or it may be owned by a stock company. In the third place the waters of some wells are used wholly for power purposes; but the wells thus used are few in number. In any one of the cases mentioned the surplus waters may be used for the purpose of creating running streams or for creating artificial ponds or for irrigation. In some cases, however, the surplus water is discharged directly into some river or stream where it flows to waste. Most of the wells have controlling devices whereby the surplus water is reduced to a minimum. But in case the well is faulty in construction it runs without control.
artesian wells, water quality, irrigation, water testing, nitrates
South Dakota Agricultural College and Experiment Station
Shepard, J.H., "The Artesian Waters of South Dakota" (1894). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 41.