Department of Botany and Entomology
Smooth or Hungarian brome grass is a native of southeastern Europe, and grows in the more sterile soils in waste places along roadsides, fields and pastures. It seems to have come into prominence as an agricultural grass only recently, though it was known to the earlier botanists, and many of them gave excellent descriptions of it. All speak of it as a very hardy grass, some calling it a weed, others praising it highly for its value as a forage plant. The general cultivation of this grass was first begun in Hungary, where it soon became noted for its ability to withstand severe and protracted drouth [sic]. Concerning the first introduction of this grass into our country, Professor Scribner says: "From the records at hand it appears that Hungarian brome was first introduced into the United States from France by the agricultural experiment station at Berkeley, California. In Bulletin No. 22 of that station, issued November 15, 1884, the seed of this grass is offered for distribution, and the statement made that our experience indicates that it will do well here [California] either with or without irrigation.' During the past five or six years this grass has been cultivated at a number of the agricultural experiment stations in various parts of the country and also by farmers in many sections, particularly in California and Kansas.”
forages, grasses, legumes
South Dakota Agricultural College and Experiment Station
Corbett, L.C., "Forage Plants" (1895). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 45.