Department of Plant Science
False wireworms were important pests of wheat during the early part of this century, and the cropping practices of that time were synchronized with the life cycle of several species. However, a wide-spread change in cropping practices occurred during the 1920s and 1930s. Farmers began to alternate wheat with other crops, and they began a practice called summer fallowing.
These practices were detrimental to false wireworms because they broke the crop continuity necessary for the completion of the life cycles. The economic importance of false wireworms seemed to decline quite sharply, and the mention of economic infestations no longer appeared in the scientific literature.
The recent occurrence of several scattered infestations prompted another look at this group of insects to determine the cause of these outbreaks and to ascertain what potential exists for another major problem to arise.
false wireworms, eleodes, embaphion
South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University
Calkins, C. O. and Kirk, V. M., "False Wireworms of Economic Importance in South Dakota (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae)" (1975). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 638.