Department of Horticulture
It has been definitely established that plums of large size and excellent quality can be raised· in great abundance in all the farming regions of South Dakota. And in the grazing regions it is simply a question of furnishing the necessary irrigation. There is nothing in the soil or climate of this state to prevent the successful cultivation for home use and market of this luscious fruit, providing suitable varieties are selected and the proper care given. It may be safely said that no farm home is complete at least without a small plum orchard, and even in the back yard of a small town lot a few plum trees may be successfully cultivated. Against the above statements may be cited the well-known fact that many thousands of plum tre.es have been planted in this state that never bore a plum, being killed the first or second winter. Three main reasons for this failure are: 1st, the wrong varieties were selected; 2nd, the trees were grafted or budded on tender stocks or roots that could not endure the winters; 3rd, lack of care on the part of the planter who permitted the trees to be choked by the heavy sod or tried to raise cattle and plums on the same trees and the cattle came out ahead every time. Plum trees and poultry go well together but larger live stock should be excluded. Grass ruins a young orchard, as the growth is stunted.
plums, hardy plums, Fruit cultivation, South Dakota fruits
South Dakota Agricultural College Experiment Station
Hansen, N.E., "Plums in South Dakota" (1905). Research Bulletins of the South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station (1887-2011). 93.