Bloat, Dairy Cattle, Rumen
Bloat is an abnormal accumulation of gases in the paunch or rumen, resulting in great distention of the organ with subsequent paralysis of its walls. Bloat has been known for more than a century. Trotter of Scotland in 1811 writing on the general view of agriculture speak of “the swelling of cattle by eating too great a quantity of clover, potatoes, turnips, or cabbages.” In recent years since legume pastures have become more widely used for dairy cattle, dairymen have become concerned about bloat. The danger from bloat has been an important deterrent in more general use of legumes as pasture for dairy cattle. Dairy farmers recognize the importance of legumes for grazing. They know the carrying capacity, palatability and effect on the flavor of milk of legumes are satisfactory. Yet. The danger of losing animals from bloat has kept many from pasturing legumes.
South Dakota State State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Agricultural Experiment Station
Olson, T. M., "Bloat in Dairy Cattle" (1940). Agricultural Experiment Station Circulars. 24.