Plant Science Department
Tordon, Picloram, herbicide, ground water contamination, ditch spraying
Herbicides are the most often detected pesticides in shallow aquifers in eastern South Dakota. Since most of the people in this part of the state obtain drinking water from these shallow aquifers, there is increasing concern for aquifer water purity. In the Oakwood Lakes-Poinsett project area, Lasso was the herbicide most often detected in the aquifer, followed by 2,4-D. Tordon 22k (picloram) was second to Lasso in 1991 data from Turner County and Bowdle aquifer studies. The road ditch over the aquifer is one of the most sensitive environments to ground water pollution. This is particularly true for naturally shallow soils with only 1 to 3 feet of soil over the gravel aquifer material. In the process of building up the road, an average of 1 foot of soil is taken from the road ditch. This leaves the ditch with O to 2 feet of soil over the gravel. Thus, these road ditches are extremely sensitive to the leaching of herbicides into ground water.
Agricultural Experiment Station, South Dakota State University
Kohl, R.A.; Carlson, C.G.; and Gerwing, J.R., "Road Ditch Spraying can Contaminate Shallow Ground Water" (1993). Agricultural Experiment Station Circulars. 310.