beef, carcass composition, consumer, ribs, tenderness
This study determined whether there is a logical point of value change, related to either tenderness or consumer acceptance, at which to separate the beef carcass within the rib/chuck region. Rib/chuck rolls (RCR); (n = 30) consisting of the ribeye roll and chuck eye roll subprimals (2nd through 12th rib locations) were cut into 22 steaks each (two steaks per rib location), and Warner-Bratzler shear force and consumer purchase preference were evaluated for steaks at each rib location. Steaks from different locations of the RCR were composed of differing proportions of several muscles: longissimus muscle (LM), spinalis dorsi and multifidus dorsi (SM), and complexus (CO). The LM(4th to 12th rib) contained three tenderness regions: 7th through 12th rib, 5th and 6th ribs, and 4th rib regions (lowest, intermediate, and highest shear force values, respectively; P < 0.01). Shear force differed (P < 0.05) among rib locations for the SM (2nd to 9th rib), but no logical pattern was evident. The CO (2nd to 7th rib) was more tender toward the anterior end (P < 0.05). The region of the RCR represented by the 4th through 6th rib locations had steaks with higher weighted-average shear force (average shear force of each steak, weighted for surface area of each muscle) values than the remainder of the RCR (P < 0.05). Animal-to-animal variation in shear force was 36% greater than rib-to-rib variation in shear force; thus, statistically significant differences in tenderness among rib locations may be undetectable by consumers. Steaks (n = 330) were offered for sale at a retail supermarket and case time was monitored on each steak to determine consumer purchase preference. Steaks from the 2nd through 4th rib locations required more time to sell (P < 0.01) than steaks from the 5th through 12th rib locations. Two alternative locations for the rib/chuck separation point could be between the 6th and 7th ribs, yielding a ribeye subprimal useful in marketing a “premium quality” product, or between the 4th and 5th ribs, which would yield four more 2.5-cm ribeye steaks per carcass.
Journal of Animal Science
DOI of Published Version
American Society of Animal Science
Copyright © 2002 American Society of Animal Science. All rights reserved.
Reuter, B.J.; Wulf, D.M.; Shanks, B.C.; and Maddock, R.J., "Evaluating the Point of Separation, During Carcass Fabrication, Between the Beef Wholesale Rib and the Beef Wholesale Chuck" (2002). Animal Science Faculty Publications. 36.