The 2016 the National Advisory Committee on Rural Health & Human Services (NACRHHS) held a discussion on their most recent policy brief about the drop in the life expectancy and increased mortality of rural Americans. Based on the findings from a study, the brief reports that from 2005-2009, the morality rate in rural counties (defined as non-metro counties in the study) was 13 percent higher than in metro counties; metro and non-metro life expectancies were two years apart (78.8 years and 76.8 years, respectively).
South Dakota State University
Center, Census Data, "The Death Divergence: Urban VS. Rural" (2016). Census Data Center News Releases. 1.