Efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp/ABCB1), multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1/ABCC1), and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2) can affect the efficacy and toxicity of a wide variety of drugs and are implicated in multidrug resistance (MDR). Eight test compounds, recently identified from an intramolecular FRET-based high throughput screening, were characterized for their interaction with MRP1. We report that the active metabolite of vitamin D3, calcitriol, and its analog calcipotriol are selectively cytotoxic to MRP1-overexpressing cells, besides inhibiting transport function of P-gp, MRP1, and BCRP. Calcitriol and calcipotriol consistently displayed a potent inhibitory activity on MRP1-mediated doxorubicin and calcein efflux in MRP1-overexpressing H69AR and HEK293/MRP1 cells. Vesicular transport studies confirmed a strong inhibitory effect of calcitriol and calcipotriol on MRP1-mediated uptake of tritiumlabeled estradiol glucuronide and leukotriene C4. In cytotoxicity assays, MRP1-overexpressing cells exhibited hypersensitivity toward calcitriol and calcipotriol. Such collateral sensitivity, however, was not observed in HEK293/P-gp and HEK293/BCRP cells, although the vitamin D3 analogs inhibited calcein efflux in P-gp-overexpressing cells, and mitoxantrone efflux in BCRP-overexpressing cells. The selective cytotoxicity of calcitriol and calpotriol toward MRP1 over-expressing cells can be eliminated with MRP1 inhibitor MK571. Our data indicate a potential role of calcitriol and its analogs in targeting malignancies in which MRP1 expression is prominent and contributes to MDR.
Drug Metabolism and Disposition
DOI of Published Version
Copyright © 2018 the Author(s)
Tan, Kee W.; Sampson, Angelina; Osa-Andrews, Bremansu; and Iram, Surtaj H., "Calcitriol and Calcipotriol Modulate Transport Activity of ABC Transporters and Exhibit Selective Cytotoxicity in MRP1-overexpressing Cells" (2018). Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications. 33.
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