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Document Type

DNP - University Access Only

Award Date

2018

Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)

Department

Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Nicole Gibson

Keywords

length of stay and physical therapy and occupational therapy or discharge planning or hospital readmission, patient, Katz Index, and functional decline

Abstract

Inpatient falls may cause both physical and emotional consequences, contributing to increased healthcare costs (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2016; McAlister et al., 2014). Thirty-eight inpatients in a rural critical access hospital, 65 years of age and older, were assessed using the Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (Katz ADL). When a deficiency was detected, a referral to discharge planning (DCP), physical therapy (PT), and occupational therapy (OT) was made and initiation of fall risk procedures were implemented. Referrals made at the time of admission to DCP, PT, and OT, along with implementation of fall risk procedures, did not decrease length of stay, did not show a statistically significant decrease in 30-day readmissions, or a decrease in inpatient falls. However, clinical importance was found including an increase in services at discharge (PT, OT and homecare) along with a reduction in 30-day readmissions. Further research is needed to determine an appropriate tool for determining which patients will benefit most from early referrals.

Description

Includes bibliographical references

Format

application/pdf

Number of Pages

114

Publisher

South Dakota State University

Rights

In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC-EDU/1.0/

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