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Document Type

DNP - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Sarah Mollman


Introduction: Burnout is a common occurrence in the nursing profession. It is especially common in oncology nurses due to poor prognosis for patients, complex family situations and frequent patient death. In order to provide empathetic and competent care, nursing staff needs to take time for their own personal well-being and mental health outside of the healthcare setting.
Evidence Summary: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Techniques (MBSR) have shown many positive outcomes in healthcare professionals. These outcomes include decreased stress and burnout and increased compassion, empathy, and job satisfaction. In order to measure levels of burnout, a validated and reliable tool, such as Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), was recommended. Fifteen articles were found with this review of literature with thirteen articles graded A.
Gaps: Multiple versions of MBSR interventions, online and in-person, were found in the literature but no standardized program or course was found. Another gap identified was the lack of published literature focusing specifically on MBSR use in oncology nursing.
Recommendations for Practice: Standardizing and implementing a MBSR technique course was recommended for all nursing staff in order to decrease burnout and maintain low levels of burnout.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Mindfulness (Psychology)
Cancer -- Nursing -- Psychological aspects.
Nurses -- Job stress.
Medical personnel -- Mental health.
Burn out (Psychology)
Stress management.

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


© 2021Anna Gebhart