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Document Type

DNP - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Jo Voss

Second Advisor

Brandi Pravecek


compassion fatigue, burnout, nursing, peer support, emergency department


Introduction: Compassion fatigue (CF) is a complication commonly seen in emergency nurses related to the persistent exposure to traumatic and stressful events. Peer support has been identified as an effective intervention to mitigate the development and progression of CF.
Methods: A literature review was completed using Clinical Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINHAL), PubMed, Google Scholar, and PsycINFO. Ten articles were selected for literature review. The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice (JHNEBP) model was used to critically appraise and grade the selected literature. Gaps: There is a lack of published literature regarding the long-term impact of peer support interventions. Furthermore, there is limited published literature that correlates peer support interventions to Professional Quality of Life Version 5 (ProQOL-5) scale significance.
Recommendations for Practice: Peer support is an effective way to mitigate the burden of CF and increase compassion satisfaction (CS) via the delivery of emotional first aid. Peer support can be utilized to promote a positive change towards a culture of caring.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Emergency nursing -- Psychological aspects.
Secondary traumatic stress.
Nurses -- Job stress.
Nurses -- Mental health.
Nurses -- Social networks.
Nursing -- Psychological aspects.
Burn out (Psychology) -- Prevention.

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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