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Document Type

DNP - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Dannica Callies

Second Advisor

Cynthia Elverson


breastfeeding, mothers, emergency room, breastmilk


Background: Workplace-related problems including lack of breastfeeding facilities and policies can have an effect on breastfeeding mothers leading to early cessation of breastfeeding and a decrease in job satisfaction.
Methods: Emergency department (ED) employees voluntarily completed the breastfeeding and employment satisfaction survey and intended length of breastfeeding survey pre-and post-implementation. After the pre-implementation surveys were complete, the project leader developed a mother’s room in the ED, and a breastfeeding resource packet was provided to participants and located in the mother’s room. After three months, participants took the post-implementation surveys.
Results: Eleven participants completed both the pre-and post-implementation surveys. Descriptive statistics and a paired t-test were utilized to analyze the data. An increase in the total sum score (148 possible) was noted from 96.36 before to 113.2 after. Additionally, 81.8% of mothers were influenced to breastfeed along with the total length of time to breastfeed.
Discussion: This DNP project reduced workplace barriers by addressing the physical environment of the ED and providing resources for breastfeeding mothers, which impacted the perceived organizational support and overall support. The increase in BESt survey correlates with an increase in perceived job support. Additionally, the implementation influenced their intended length of breastfeeding among the 11 participants.
Implications for Practice: Employees now have direct access to a private area to express breastmilk which could be adopted on each individual unit.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Breastfeeding promotion.
Infants -- Nutrition.
Working mothers.
Work environment.
Hospitals -- Emergency services.
Mothers' rooms.

Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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