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Document Type

DNP - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Robin Arends


Aromatherapy, lavender, preoperative anxiety, rural-dwelling adult


Background: The purpose of the project was to reduce preoperative anxiety in adult rural-dwelling same day surgical patients using a non-pharmacologic method. Review of the Literature: Anxiety is prevalent in the general population and most individuals experience increased anxiety during the preoperative period (Fayazi, Babashahi, & Rezaei, 2011; Yuk-Lan, Ying, Tsang, Leung, & Cheung, 2011). Increased anxiety during this period can have negative effects on patient outcomes and lavender aromatherapy has shown effective reduction in this anxiety (Braden, Reichow, & Halm, 2009; Stirling, 2006). Medications are available to aid in anxiety reduction, but can cause undesirable adverse effects including: amnesia, confusion, and inability to participate in self-care (Braden et al., 2009; Fayazi et al., 2011). Lavender aromatherapy is most commonly delivered via the inhalation method (Braden et al., 2009; Grunebaum, Murdock, Castanedo-Tardan, & Baumann, 2011). Inhalation time varied from 1-30 minutes (Braden et al., 2009; Grunebaum et al., 2011). The visual Analog Scale for Anxiety (VAS-A) has been found to be a brief effective measure of preoperative anxiety (Vogelsang, 1988). Methods: The project was implemented in the preoperative unit of a same day surgical center in a large Midwestern city. Eligible willing patients were consented, given a VASA and asked to indicate their current level of anxiety. Lavender aromatherapy patch was

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Lavender oil
Essences and essential oils -- Therapeutic use
Preoperative care
Anxiety -- Prevention


Includes bibliographical references (page 64-69)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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