Life Satisfaction in Time Orientation

Document Type


Publication Date



Time orientation influences people’s perception and evaluation of a situation. Satisfaction in the present life and the future life is likely to be affected by one’s timeorientation. Using samples of 1829 middle-aged Americans, this study examined theassociation between individuals’time orientation and satisfaction with life in general aswell as with their financial situation. In this study, we created the future-to-current ratioto assess a person’s relative time orientation tendency between future time orientationand present time orientation. The results indicated that respondents with a highertendency of holding future time orientation exhibited greater life satisfaction andfinancial satisfaction of the present. A higher tendency of holding future time orientation also predicted a higher life satisfaction and financial satisfaction of the future. Thefindings of the study emphasize having a future time orientation is important withregard to well-being.

Publication Title

Applied Research in Quality of Life

DOI of Published Version