Title

Comparison of Physical Activity by Lifestyle Between Two Rural Pediatric Population Groups.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

4-2019

Keywords

Adolescent, Child, Exercise, Female, Humans, Life Style, Male, Pediatric Obesity, Prevalence, Rural Population, Urban Population

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Obesity prevalence is higher among rural populations than urban, including youth. Reduced physical activity levels are associated with childhood obesity. It could be assumed that the obesity disparity between rural and urban children is attributable, in part, to differences in physical activity levels; however, previous research quantifying and comparing physical activity levels between rural and urban youth are mixed. Lifestyle may be more important than geographic location in determining physical activity levels. Therefore, the objective of this study was to compare sex and lifestyle group (Hutterite vs. non-Hutterite) differences in physical activity in a free-living, rural pediatric population.

METHODS: Youth (n=58) were instructed to wear accelerometers for seven days. Mean percent time in light, moderate or vigorous activity during waking hours was calculated. Two-way ANOVAs and multiple regression models were used for analyses.

RESULTS: Percent time in vigorous activity was significantly greater for Hutterite males than Hutterite females, and Hutterite males had greater percent time in vigorous activity and moderate plus vigorous activity than non-Hutterite males.

CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence to support differences in rural lifestyles to be associated with differences in physical activity levels between children living in the same geographic location, particularly among males. Active transportation and having a safe environment for unstructured outdoor play may account for activity and lifestyle differences between the two rural groups.

Publication Title

S D Med

Volume

72

Issue

4

First Page

168

Last Page

173

PMID

31436930

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