Adolescent, African Continental Ancestry Group, Body Composition, Child, European Continental Ancestry Group, Female, Humans, Multivariate Analysis, Regression Analysis, Research Design
The purpose of the study was to develop ethnic-specific equations for fat-free mass (FFM) from selected anthropometric dimensions and bioelectrical impedance measures of resistance (R) and reactance (Xc) for use in the NHLBI Growth and Heath Study. Using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry measures of body composition as the dependent variable and field measures of body composition by anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance as the explanatory variables, ethnic-specific prediction equations were developed on a sample of girls representing a wide range of ages and BMI. The equations were cross-validated using (1) the Prediction of Sum of Squares (PRESS) statistic and (2) an independent sample of 20 girls of each race from a study conducted at the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD). Subjects were 65 White and 61 Black girls 6-17 years of age. The best race-specific equations for FFM each explained 99% and 97% of the variance in the White and Black girls, respectively. Root mean square errors (RMSE) ranged from 1.14 to 1.95 kg. The equation for Black girls used Stature2/Resistance (R), weight, and reactance (Xc) as predictor variables; the equation for White girls used Stature2/R, weight, and triceps skinfold thickness. The results indicate that (1) equations to predict FFM in girls should be ethnic-specific and that (2) accurate values for TBF and %BF can be calculated from the predicted FFM.
American Journal of Human Biology
DOI of Published Version
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Morrison, John A.; Guo, Shumei S.; Specker, Bonny L.; Chumlea, Wm. Cameron; Yanovski, Susan Z.; and Yanovski, Jack A., "Assessing the Body Composition of 6-17 Year-old Black and White Girls in Field Studies" (2001). Ethel Austin Martin Program Publications. 14.