Previous studies identifying factors that influence peak bone mass have typically focused on older children, although it has been suggested that environmental factors early in life also may be important in optimizing the genetic potential for bone gain1 . Physical activity and calcium intake are considered major environmental factors influencing bone mass accretion. Longitudinal studies beginning in childhood show that high activity early in life is associated with high adult bone density2,3. The long-term effect between bone mass accretion and early calcium intake is less clear, with most trials finding that the beneficial bone effect of high calcium intake does not persist once the supplementation is withdrawn4 . Results of several studies related to bone changes and physical activity that we conducted in young children are reviewed below
Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Specker, Bonny L., "Role of Physical Activity on Bone Mineral Content in Young Children" (2003). Ethel Austin Martin Program Publications. 20.
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