BACKGROUND: Dietary calcium may play a role in the stimulation of lipolysis and the inhibition of lipogenesis, thereby reducing body fat.
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine whether an association existed between change in percentage body fat (%BF) or fat mass and calcium intake in children aged 3-5 y.
DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a 1-y randomized calcium and activity trial in 178 children was conducted. Three-day diet records and 48-h accelerometer readings were obtained at 0, 6, and 12 mo. Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry at 0 and 12 mo.
RESULTS: The decrease in %BF was less in girls (-0.6 +/- 2.8%) than in boys (-1.5 +/- 2.6%; P = 0.03) and correlated with age (r = 0.19, P = 0.01) and maternal body mass index (r = 0.19, P = 0.02). Changes in fat mass were not significantly different by activity group or between children randomly assigned to receive calcium or placebo (0.5 +/- 0.9 and 0.6 +/- 0.8 kg, respectively; P = 0.32). Similar findings were observed for the change in %BF. No correlations between %BF and fat mass changes and dietary calcium (r = -0.01, P = 0.9 and r = -0.05, P = 0.5) or total (dietary + supplement) calcium intake (r = -0.02, P = 0.8 and r = -0.06, P = 0.4) were observed. Among children in the lowest tertile of dietary calcium (/d), fat mass gain was lower in the calcium group (0.3 +/- 0.5 kg) than in the placebo group (0.8 +/- 1.1 kg) (P = 0.04) but was not correlated with mean total calcium intake (r = -0.20).
CONCLUSION: These findings support a weak relation between changes in fat mass gain and calcium intake in preschool children, who typically consume below recommended amounts of dietary calcium.
The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
DOI of Published Version
American Society of Clinical Nutrition
DeJongh, Elizabeth D.; Binkley, Teresa L.; and Specker, Bonny, "Fat Mass Gain is Lower in Calcium-supplemented than in Unsupplemented Preschool Children with Low Dietary Calcium Intakes" (2006). Ethel Austin Martin Program Publications. 30.