Muscle-bone relationships in healthy pre-pubertal children were investigated using four muscle measures as predictors of tibial strength: 66% tibia cross-sectional muscle area (CSMA) by pQCT; leg lean mass (LLM) by DXA; and muscle power (Power) and force (Force) measured during a two-footed jump. Polar strength strain index (pSSI), a calculated surrogate for bone strength at the 20% distal tibia, was obtained on 105 (54 male) self-assessed pre-pubertal children. The amount of muscle (CSMA, LLM) may influence bone strength more than muscle strength (Power, Force) during periods of rapid growth. Correlations and multiple regression partial-R values from models controlling for age, sex, height and weight were obtained for each muscle predictor. CSMA, LLM, Power and Force were positively correlated with pSSI (R=0.84, 0.92, 0.85; 0.66, respectively, all p< 0.01). Partial-R values were highest for LLM (partial-R=0.21), similar for CSMA and Power (0.14, 0.15, respectively) and lowest for Force (0.04) in predicting pSSI. Muscle predictors were associated with total and cortical area (R=0.59 to 0.90; p< 0.01 for all), but not cortical vBMD at the 20% distal tibia site. These data support relationships between muscle predictors and bone parameters measured by pQCT in healthy pre-pubertal children.
Journal of Musculoskeletal & Neuronal Interactions
Binkley, Teresa L. and Specker, Bonny, "Muscle-bone Relationships in the Lower Leg of Healthy Pre-pubertal Females and Males" (2008). Ethel Austin Martin Program Publications. 51.
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