Asia, China, labor, market reform
A review of China's economic and political reforms since 1978 is provided and then linked to structural change in China's urban labor force as a result of the reform process. Analysis of data on urban labor allocation in China from 1978-97 indicates labor is being reallocated from the public sector to the private sector at a very rapid pace. The data indicates the urban labor has doubled and employment in the private sector has increased from nearly zero to a little over 30% in a 20 year period. The data also suggest that Chinese estimates of urban employment and unemployment are underestimated in official records.
Department of Economics, South Dakota State University
Number of Pages
Xu, Feng; Fausti, Scott; Adamson, Dwight; and Kim, H., "The Effect of China's Economic Reform Program
on the Employment Structure in China's Urban Areas" (2000). Economics Staff Paper Series. 150.