Dissertation - Open Access
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering
graphene, plasma, porous carbon, supercapacitors
Supercapacitors have received considerable attention due to their high energy density, long life time, rapid charge/discharge rate, and because they are environmental friendly technology. Electrode materials play a key role in the final performance of supercapacitors. Carbon, usually used as symmetric supercapacitors electrode materials, exhibit extraordinary stability in harsh electrolyte and electrochemical performance owing to its physical and chemical properties. In addition, porous structure originated from activation, excellent electrical conductivity, sustainability, wide availability and low cost further offering the improvement in electrochemical performance and make it to be a promising electrode material for symmetric supercapacitors. Considering the factors affected electrochemical performance, such as surface area, pore size and functional groups, several carbon materials are developed and used as high performance symmetric supercapacitors electrodes. In this work, porous carbon derived from different biomass are prepared via catalytic graphitization, KOH activation, and plasma treatment. Depending on detailed physical characterizations, porous structure with high surface area and porosity are presented for prepared carbon materials, which serves as reservoir and ion channels for electrolyte and consequently resulted in high capacitance performance for assembled supercapacitors evaluated by electrochemical measurements.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Includes bibliographical references (pages 148-170)
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
Copyright © 2017 Keliang Wang
Wang, Keliang, "Advanced Carbon Materials Based Electrodes for High Performance Symmetric Supercapacitors" (2017). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1218.