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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Counseling and Human Development

First Advisor

Amber Letcher


Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) affect individuals in all regions of the world. This study examined the relationship between in utero alcohol exposure during the early months of pregnancy and the ability to obtain quality 2D images used in photo dysmorphology assessments. High quality 2D images may be a valuable early screening tool for FASD, especially for regions without ready access to a trained dysmorphologist. The current study utilized a subgroup of 262 mother-child dyads from a larger parent study. Results indicated that neither self-reported in utero alcohol exposure during the early months of pregnancy, ethnicity, nor infant gender were significantly related to obtaining high quality 2D images for use in photo dysmorphology assessments. Few studies have examined the use of 2D photos in dysmorphology assessments. This study provides initial insight in to the feasibility of using 2D photos as a dysmorphology screening tool for infants potentially exposed to alcohol in utero.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Fetal alcohol syndrome -- Diagnosis
Children of prenatal alcohol abuse
Newborn infants -- Disease -- Diagnosis
Medical screening


Includes bibliographical references (pages 44-51)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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