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Kim Hawkins

Document Type

Dissertation - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Graduate Nursing

First Advisor

Sandra Bunkers


Feeling disrespected is a universal living experience. The humanbecoming theory of nursing science guided the study. The purposes of this investigation were to advance nursing science by gaining an understanding of the structure of the living experience of feeling disrespected for women who have experienced this phenomenon, to contribute to the nursing theory of humanbecoming in relation to feeling disrespected, and to explore the relevance of feeling disrespected to living quality. The participants were ten women living with embodied largeness. A review of the literature evaluated the existing body of knowledge. A synthetic definition through concept inventing has been created. The Parse method of dialogical engagement, extraction-synthesis, and heuristic interpretation was utilized to expand understanding of this phenomenon and contribute to nursing science. The research question was: What is the structure of the living experience of feeling disrespected? The structure of the living experience of feeling disrespected is: mortifying disheartenment arising with disquieting irreverence, as distancing affiliations surface while enduring hardship. The findings provided new knowledge of living quality, advanced nursing practice, and presented future direction for research.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Respect for persons
Quality of life
Women patients
Patient satisfaction
Physical-appearance-based bias


Includes bibliographical references (pages 164-179)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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