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Dissertation - University Access Only
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Purpose: One purpose of this study was to assess changes in body composition throughout an off-season of two consecutive seasons, by measuring changes in body mass, fat mass, and lean body mass before and after a 16-week off-season training program. The second purpose of this study was to assess changes in macronutrient composition. Methods: 46 male college football players participated in this study during Season-1. 29 male college football players participated in this study during Season-2. A pre-test, post-test study design tracked body composition from post-season through offseason. Results: Significant changes in lean mass were not observed during the offseason training program. Surprisingly, the change in muscle area at the 66% site of the lower leg significantly increased in area. Total body mass and body fat did not change during the off-seasons. Conclusion: No significant changes in total body lean mass and leg lean mass were observed during a 16-week offseason training program. Because of the low number of participants, comparisons across groups, linemen and skill players, and upper- and lower-classmen were not made. Surprisingly, the change in muscle area at the 66% site of the lower leg significantly increased in area, an indication that the gastrocnemius and soleus muscle increased in mass. A significant difference in macronutrient composition was only found in fat consumption.
Library of Congress Subject Headings
Drug delivery systems
Includes bibliographical references
Number of Pages
South Dakota State University
In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
Dave, Kaushalkumar, "Topical Drug Delivery to the Breast" (2015). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1860.