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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Communication Studies and Theatre

First Advisor

Elizabeth Tolman


This exploratory study examined facial expressions exhibited by the character Carl Frederickson in the animated feature film UP. The researcher conducted a deductive content analysis utilizing Ekman's (1971) typology of the six universal facial expressions of Anger, Disgust, Fear, Happiness, Sadness, and Surprise in order to determine if animated facial expressions exhibit the same characteristics as human facial expressions. The findings indicate that animated facial expressions do exhibit the same characteristics as human facial expressions. A discussion of limitations and possible avenues for further research are also included.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Facial expression
Animation (Cinematography)
Up (Motion picture)


Includes bibliographical references (pages 83-95)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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