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Document Type

Thesis - University Access Only

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department / School

Communication Studies and Theatre

First Advisor

Laurie Haleta


The goal of this study was to examine the use of non-verbal communication in women's baseball. A content analysis was done to explore the use of non-verbal behaviors, specifically the areas of proxemics, haptics, kinesics, and appearance were viewed for this study. Three trained coders evaluated and coded six scenes in the film A League of Their Own. The results both confirm and contradict prior research in women's baseball. Regarding proxemics, the findings support Hall's Proxemic Theory except for in the intimate/interpersonal zone. The haptics and kinesics findings support prior research in baseball in that the same behaviors were identified in both men's and women's baseball. Finally in the area of appearance there is a difference in the type of uniform and cleanliness from men's to women's baseball. Discussions of limitations and suggestions for further research are also included.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Nonverbal communication
Women baseball players
Content analysis (Communication)
League of their own (Motion picture)


Includes bibliographical references (pages 84-100)



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University


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