Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Physical Education


For many years, methods of strength development have been of great interest to both the physical educator and to the athletic coach. Experimental research is being done to determine the effect of resistance exercises as compared to other activities for the development of muscular strength. Many findings of opinions regarding muscle-boundness and finally described the term as such: “Muscle-boundness is a term applied to the general condition found in athletes accustomed to heavy work involving the use of large masses of muscles without fine gradations and precise control. The subject thus performs delicate movements awkwardly and without fine adjustment.” The investigation by Zorbas and Karpovich prompted wilkin to test the speed of forearm movement of a group university students before and after a semester of weight training, and also test the speed of forearm movement of a group of experienced weight lifters as compared to a control group. He concluded that weight training, over a period of one semester, had no slowing effect on the speed of forearm movement, and that the experienced university weight lifters are not muscle-bound in the sense that their speed of movement was impaired. Recently, a method of strength development called isometric muscle contractions has been explored by a number of investigators. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of isometric training program upon the speed of selected movements of the leg. The limitation of this investigation are as: twenty-four students volunteered as subjects, though certain controls were employed, it was impossible to regulate the daily activity of each subject.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Physical education and training


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University