Document Type

Thesis - Open Access

Award Date


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Mechanical Engineering


In 1963 it was estimated that occupational injuries cost employers $4.5 billion. An additional $1 billion to $4 billion in wages were lost by employee depending on what one wishes to include. Based on a Gross National Product of approximately $585 billion in 1963, this injury cost represents a potential increase in the Gross National Product of approximately one percent. It appears that this is certainly one area of waste which would warrant further investigation, particularly in light of the present day nationwide drive for economic growth. If younger workers are indeed more susceptible to accidents, the injury costs cited above could increase more than in proportion to the increase in the labor force. Technology is increasing rapidly which results in the need for workers who have a considerable degree of training. This training is costly and generally cannot be obtained by the young worker without parental financial assistance. By keeping the worker above 45 from being employed, because of discrimination, the young worker is deprived of parental assistance and the chance to receive the training he needs to find employment. This in turn could lead to generation upon generation of family unemployment with the resultant waste and suffering. Based on this, an accident safety program in any last would be aided considerably if the nature of any relationship that might exist between human factors and accidents could be determined for use in hiring and work assignment practices.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Industrial accidents


Includes bibliographical references



Number of Pages



South Dakota State University